Albumin Dialysis

Management of sepsis during Mars treatment in acute on chronic liver failure.

Transplant Proc. 2011 May;43(4):1085-90.


Novelli G, Morabito V, Pugliese F, Ferretti G, Novelli S, Ianni S, Lai Q, Rossi M, Berloco PB.

Source

Dipartimento "P. Stefanini," Chirurgia Generale e Trapianti d'Organo, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of our study was a 30-day follow-up of the use of early detection of endotoxin by the endotoxin activity assay (EAA) for patients with acute liver failure superimposed on chronic liver disease (AoCLF) and treated with polymyxin-B hemoperfusion-based (PMX-DHP) treatment and albumin dialysis in the molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS).

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From February 2008 to July 2010, we evaluated 10 AoCLF patients experiencing systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in association with suspected infection and an EAA-positive test (>0.60). These patients awaiting liver transplantation (OLT) showed similar Model End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores (range, 19-25) and encephalopathy grade ≤ 2. Five patients received therapy to remove endotoxins with PMX-DHP with MARS treatment for liver failure (group A); the other 5 patients received MARS treatment only (group B).

RESULTS:

Two PMX-DHP treatments were performed in 4 group A patients (average EA = 0.66 [range, 0.61-0.70]) and 3 treatments for 1 patient (EA = 0.92). All 5 subjects underwent an average of 4 MARS treatments (range, 3-5). At the end of therapy, the median EA level was 0.42 (range, 0.37-0.48). As reported in the literature, we achieved a significant improvement in liver and kidney functions using MARS. Measurements of lactate, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were significantly improved among patients treated with the extracorporeal therapies. At 30 days of observation, all 5 patients treated with MARS plus PMX-DHP are alive. In group B, a mean of 7.5 MRAS treatments were performed. We observed an improvement in hemodynamic and liver functions with reduced levels of proinflammatory cytokines and lactates in 4 patients. One patient showed no improvement in clinical status with the development of sepsis and subsequent multiorgan failure after 24 days.

CONCLUSION:

The possibility of an early diagnosis using the EAA in AoCLF patients could prevent the progression of the sepsis cascade. The use of PMX-DHP and MARS in these patients, could lead to resolution of clinical status in a short time.