Albumin Dialysis

Molecular adsorbent recirculating system in patients with early allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation: A pilot study.

Liver Transpl. 2006 Jun 1

Hetz H, Faybik P, Berlakovich G, Baker A, Bacher A, Burghuber C, Sandner SE, Steltzer H, Krenn CG.

Department of Anesthesiology and General Intensive Care, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) causes marked morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) in treatment of EAD after OLT. Twelve consecutive adult liver allograft recipients with a median age of 48 years, 9 of whom were male, were prospectively included and supported with MARS.

EAD was defined as the presence of at least 2 of the following: serum bilirubin >10 mg/dL, prothrombin time <40%, aspartate aminotransferase or alanine transferase >1,000 U/L, and plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green (PDR(ICG)) <10% per minute within 72 hours after reperfusion. One-year patient and graft survival was 66%. There was a significant decrease in serum bilirubin (P = 0.002), serum creatinine (P = 0.006), and aspartate aminotransferase (P = 0.005) and a significant increase in PDR(ICG) (P = 0.007) after MARS treatment. Prothrombin time, albumin level, and platelet count remained stable. Sustained improvement of renal and neurological function and of mean arterial pressure were observed. No MARS-related adverse effects occurred. MARS treatment provides a safe approach to the treatment of EAD after OLT. On the basis of this pilot study, a multicenter randomized clinical trial that uses MARS treatment in EAD after OLT has been initiated. Liver Transpl, 2006. (c) 2006 AASLD.