Albumin Dialysis

Predicting the decrease of conjugated bilirubin with extracorporeal albumin dialysis MARS using the predialysis molar ratio of conjugated bilirubin to albumin.

Lee KH, Wendon J, Lee M, Da Costa M, Lim SG, Tan KC.

Liver Transpl 2002 Jul;8(7):591-593

Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore.

Extracorporeal albumin dialysis with the molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) machine is a new supportive intervention for patients with liver failure. It removes bilirubin and other albumin-bound toxins from the patient and has been shown by preliminary studies of liver failure patients to be beneficial. Our study examines the ability of predialysis molar ratio of bilirubin to albumin to predict the decrease of bilirubin by MARS. We had 5 patients and results from 29 treatments. The results showed a significant correlation between the predialysis molar ratio of bilirubin (total and conjugated) to albumin to the reduction in bilirubin (total and conjugated): R(2) = 0.27 and 0.62 respectively, P <.005 for both. There was no significant correlation with the predialysis molar ratio of unconjugated bilirubin to albumin to the reduction in unconjugated bilirubin. The ratio of change in total bilirubin (&mgr;mol/L) to the predialysis molar ratio of total bilirubin to albumin and the ratio of change in conjugated bilirubin (&mgr;mol/L) to the predialysis molar ratio of conjugated bilirubin to albumin were 6.2 (+/- 4.2) and 10.8 (+/- 4.3), respectively (mean (+/- SD)). The results enable us to predict the likely reduction in bilirubin (especially conjugated) after each MARS treatment and also suggest to us that albumin infusion before MARS treatment may reduce the efficacy of bilirubin removal. Whether this ratio applies to other albumin-bound toxins remains open for investigation.