Cardiac Surgery

Ischemia-modified albumin is a highly sensitive serum marker of transient myocardial ischemia induced by coronary vasospasm.

Coron Artery Dis. 2007 Mar;18(2):83-7.

Cho DK, Choi JO, Kim SH, Choi J, Rhee I, Ki CS, Lee SC, Gwon HC.

aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Hanmaeum General Hospital, Jeju Departments of bEmergency Medicine cMedicine dLaboratory Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin, a new marker of myocardial ischemia, is known to elevate during ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention. It is, however, not known whether ischemia-modified albumin also elevates during transient coronary vasospasm.

METHODS: We evaluated ischemia-modified albumin in patients undergoing intracoronary ergonovine spasm provocation test (n=26). For additional comparison, ischemia-modified albumin was also evaluated in elective percutaneous coronary intervention patients (n=18) and in patients with normal coronary angiography (n=10). Blood samples were taken from the arterial sheath before the procedure, just after procedural completion, or balloon inflation. RESULTS: Median ischemia-modified albumin level elevated significantly in patients with positive provocation test compared with baseline [n=16, 106.0 (interquartile range 96.5, 115.5) versus 128.5 (114.8, 171.8) U/ml, P<0.001], whereas it did not change in patients with negative provocation test [n=10, 109.5 (103.3, 115.0) versus 113.5 (104.0, 118.3) U/ml, P=0.108]. Ischemia-modified albumin was also higher after percutaneous coronary intervention [113.5 (101.0, 131.5) versus 151.0 (129.3, 231.0) U/ml, P<0.0001] and did not change in patients with normal coronary angiography [108.5 (99.3, 114.0) versus 110.0 (108.0, 114.0) U/ml, P=0.085]. Ischemia-modified albumin elevation higher than 9 U/ml after provocation test could detect the presence of coronary vasospasm, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.975 (95% confidence interval 0.921-1.000), with a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 99%. Serum albumin levels were within reference range for all patients and there was no significant relationship between albumin and baseline ischemia-modified albumin or postischemic ischemia-modified albumin. CONCLUSION: Thus, ischemia-modified albumin may have a role as a biochemical marker for transient myocardial ischemia induced by coronary vasospasm.