Cardiac Surgery

Does priming implementation with low-dose albumin reduce postoperative bleeding following cardiopulmonary bypass?

Onorati F, Santarpino G, Renzulli A, De Feo M, De Santo LS, Della Corte A, Galdieri N, Cotrufo M.

Int J Artif Organs. 2003 Mar;26(3):211-6

Department of Cardio-thoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Second University of Naples, Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy.

This study aimed to assess whether low doses of albumin in the priming solution for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) reduce postoperative bleeding. Three-hundred and seventy-seven patients undergoing CPB were retrospectively assigned to group A (154 patients, CPB primed with 20 ml/kg Ringer Lactate solution + 0.75 mg/kg albumin 20%) and group B (223 patients with 20 ml/kg Ringer Lactate). A significant difference was found in terms of reoperations for bleeding (group A 0/154 versus group B 9/223; P=0.033). The mean number of blood derivatives transfused per patient was higher in group B than in group A (P<0.001). Platelet count after CPB was higher in group A than in group B (175 +/- 52x10(3)/microl versus 131 +/- 70x10(3)/microl; P=0.045). The amount of postoperative bleeding was 525 ml versus 680 ml at 24 hrs (P<0.001), 819 ml versus 1102 ml at 48 hrs, (P<0.001), 963 ml versus 1294 ml at 72 hrs, (P<0.045) (group A versus group B respectively). Crystalloid priming with low-dose albumin reduces postoperative bleeding