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Pharmacoeconomic comparison of an albumin-furosemide complex versus sequential therapy for renal insufficiency.

Erstad BL.

Clin Ther 1999 Aug;21(8):1380-6

The purpose of this economic analysis was to develop an economic model using intra-institutional cost data for acute, oliguric renal insufficiency treated with either an albumin-furosemide complex or albumin followed by furosemide (sequential therapy). The perspective of this study was from the standpoint of the institution (University Medical Center, a teaching hospital). The decision tree and sensitivity analyses demonstrated that the albumin-furosemide complex would be more effective and less costly than sequential therapy for a range of outcome probabilities. Using effectiveness assumptions from published literature, the complex could avoid dialysis in 27% of patients compared with 8% of patients receiving sequential therapy. The complex would also be less costly ($7778 vs $8748). In terms of cost-effectiveness, the complex is $28,807 per averted dialysis compared with $109,350 for sequential therapy.